The Art

Defining an Art

Taekwondo is the traditional martial art and Olympic sport of Korea; an Asian discipline with over ninety-million practitioners worldwide. What is it about this unique way of life targeted at cultivating the mind, body, and spirit that has captured the hearts and minds of so many? Could it be that taekwondo contains over 3200 empty-hand combat techniques with proven effectiveness on the field of battle establishing it as an authentic means of self-defense? Or is it the metaphysical and philosophical aspects of the art that attract those seeking more than a simple, physical workout. Perhaps, it is the fact that taekwondo shares the spotlight, along with judo, as being the only two martial arts in a constellation of many, recognized by the International Olympic Committee with the exclusive privilege of participating in the Olympic Games. Either way, it is clear that taekwondo has taken its place as the fastest growing, most popular martial art in the world today.

 

Without a doubt, the current popularity enjoyed by taekwondo, literally translated as “foot-fist-way”, or “the way of punching and kicking with hands and feet”, is largely due to an ingenious process of standardization introduced during its formative years by the Korea Taekwondo Association, and not long after, by the International Taekwon-do Federation and the World Taekwondo Federation. This development required the core infrastructure of taekwondo to become unified and, therefore, transferable wherever it is taught, eventually leading to Olympic fame. Likewise, mirroring its success as a competitive entity, the martial art of taekwondo, with roots that date back to antiquity, in contrast to the martial sport bearing the same name, has maintained its technical skills and combat integrity through the efforts of several institutions such as the Kukkiwon – the center of taekwondo operations worldwide – the United States Taekwondo Association, and similar organizations given to the perpetuation of taekwondo as a traditional method of self-defense.

 

Yet, it is important to note that taekwondo is not merely about kicking and punching. Rather, it is an action philosophy that seeks to enrich the lives of those who diligently apply its ethical principles to their daily routine. While on the surface it represents a system of self-defense coupled with a means of attaining physical fitness, the art rests on a virtuous foundation influenced by the three Asian philosophical paradigms of Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism. For the sincere martial artist, the doctrines borrowed from these systems act as a moral compass in pointing the way towards self-improvement.

The Five Tenets and Student Creed of Taekwondo – Virtue in Action

For decades traditional taekwondo has been the perfect medium for cultivating inner strength, extraordinary endurance, and an effective arsenal of defensive skills. In its current iteration it can be thought of as a direct reflection of modern society’s desire for a ritualized discipline devoid of religious dogma, but complete with a physically and spiritually enhanced set of ethical principles by which to live. Consequently, motives for training in the martial arts today range anywhere from gaining proficiency in self-defense and physical fitness in adults, to propagating discipline and focus in children that might otherwise be glued to a television set or computer screen. There is little doubt that practitioners of all ages can profit greatly from a sincere study of traditional taekwondo.

 

While sport and all its trappings can provide an outlet for aggression and create social bonds by way of teambuilding, it is, by definition restricted to a set place and time. Likewise, while organized religion attempts to satisfy an innate desire for spiritual enlightenment, it does nothing to address the physical needs of the individual. Martial arts, on the other hand, if offered in a traditional manner, represent a way of life and a vehicle for self-enrichment through diligent training. Invariably, one may ask how a pursuit so resonant with aggressive overtones can benefit humanity. The solution to this paradox can be found in the realization that the more frequently one trains and becomes proficient in the martial arts, the more one discovers that they have less to defend against. Confidence begins to replace fear. Defensive skills become internalized resulting in one’s ability to walk life’s path appreciating its simple pleasures rather than being blinded by its daily perils. Now more than ever, these benefits reflect the true worth of taekwondo training.

 

With roots dating back to antiquity, the robust philosophical foundation that acted as a code of honor for the Hwarang-do of ancient Silla, one of three ancient Korean dynasties, continues to support traditional taekwondo and remains as valid today as it was in the seventh century when these noble warriors sought ethical wisdom beyond the field of battle. The Five Tenets, originally fashioned by General Choi Hong-hi, are recited at the completion of each class and act as a roadmap to nobility.

 

    • COURTESY
    • INTERGRITY
    • PERSEVERENCE
    • SELF CONTROL
    • INDOMITABLE SPIRIT

 

Furthermore, children attending our Youth Training Class recite the Student Creed or the Ten Mental Educations before being dismissed. These principles are directly related to the Code of Honor as practiced by the Hwarang-do of ancient Korea.

 

    • BE LOYAL TO YOUR COUNTRY
    • BE LOVING AND SHOW FIDELITY TO YOUR PARENTS
    • BE LOVING BETWEEN HUSBAND AND WIFE
    • BE COOPERATIVE BETWEEN BROTHERS AND SISTERS
    • BE FAITHFUL TO YOUR FRIENDS
    • BE RESPECTFUL TO YOUR ELDERS
    • ESTABLISH TRUST BETWEEN TEACHER AND STUDENT
    • USE GOOD JUDGEMENT BEFORE HARMING ANY LIVING THING
    • NEVER RETREAT IN BATTLE
    • ALWAYS FINISH WHAT YOU START, SIR!

Korean/English Taekwondo Terminology

STANCES

Ap Koobi
Dwi Koobi
Ja Choom Sogi
Ap Sogi
Kyorugi Joombi
Bal Chagi Joom
Bom Sogi
Koa Sogi
Hakdari Sogi

Front Stance
Back Stance
Horse Stance
Walking Stance
Fighting/Defense Stance
Kicking Stance
Cat Stance
Cross Stance
Crane Stance

 

STRIKING TECHNIQUES

Me Chumok
Doong Chumok
Bam Chumok
Pyun Chumok
Gal Kawi Chumok
Batang Sohn Chilki
Sohnnal Chilki
Sohnnal Doong Chilki
Pyun Sohnkoot Chilki
Kawi Sohnkoot Chilki
Inji Shonkoot Chilki
Akum Sohn Chilki
Gom Sohn Chilki
Sohn Doong Chilki
Kuppin Sohn Mok Chilki
Palkup Chilki
Moorup Chilki
Mohri Chilki

Hammer Fist
Back Fist
Middle Finger Fist
Flat Fist
Ripping Fist
Palm Heel Strike
Knife Hand Strike
Ridge Hand Strike
Spear Hand Strike
Two Finger Strike
Single Finger Strike
Tiger Mouth Strike
Bear Hand Strike
Back Hand Strike
Ox Jaw Strike
Elbow Strike
Knee Strike
Head Strike

 

BLOCKING TECHNIQUES

Alle Makki
Olgool Makki
Ahn Momtong Makki
Bakat Momtong Makki
Ahn Han Sohnnal Makki
Bakat Han Sohnnal Makki
Dool Sohnnal Momtong Makki
Ghodulo Makki
Otkolo Makki
Gawi Makki
Hecho Makki
Yop Makki
Batang Sohn Makki
Kuppin Sohn Mok Makki
Sohnnal Doong Makki
Sohn Doong Makki
Pyojok Chagi Makki
Kodureo Makki 
Low Block
High Block
Out/In Middle Block
In/Out Middle Block
Out/In Single Knife Hand Block
In/Out Single Knife Hand Block
Double Knife Hand Block
Double Closed Fist Block
“ X “ Block
Scissors Block
Spread Block
Side Block
Palm Heel Block
Ox Jaw Block
Ridge Hand Block
Back Hand Block
Crescent Kick Block
Double Closed Fist Block 

 

COUNTING IN KOREAN

Hana
Dool
Set
Net
Dasoot
Yasoot
Il Gop
Yodol
Ahop
Yol
Il
Ee
Sam
Sa
Oh
Yuk
Chil
Pal
Ku
Ship 
One
Two
Three
Four
Five
Six
Seven
Eight
Nine
Ten
First
Second
Third
Fourth
Fifth
Sixth
Seventh
Eighth
Ninth
Tenth
KICKING TECHNIQUES

Ap Chagi
Dollyo Chagi
Yop Chagi
Dwi Chagi
Naeryo Chagi
Bakat Chagi
Ahn Chagi
Pyojok Chagi
Miro Chagi
Momdollyo Dwidollyo Chagi
Hurio Chagi
Kawi Chagi
Twio Chagi
Goollo Chagi
Bitureo Chagi
Ppodeo Chagi
Bandal Chagi
Nalla Chagi
Opo Chagi
Doobal Dangsang Chagi

Front Kick
Roundhouse Kick
Side Kick
Back Kick
Ax Kick
In/Out Axe Kick
Out/In Axe Kick
Crescent Kick
Push Kick
Spinning Hook Kick
Hook Kick
Scissor Kick
Jump Kick
Hop Kick
Twist Kick
Stretch Kick
Half Moon Kick
Flying Kick
Falling Kick
Double Jumping Kicks

 

PUNCHING TECHNIQUES

Momtong Jiluki
Olgool Jiluki
Alle Jiluki
Bandae Jiluki
Baro Jiluki
Chi Jiluki
Yop Jiluki
Dollyo Jiluki
Sewo Jiluki
Hurio Jiluki
Dikootja Jiluki
Doo Chumok Jiluki

Middle Punch
High Punch
Low Punch
Reverse Punch
Lunge Punch
Uppercut Punch
Side Punch
Round Punch
Vertical Punch
Hook Punch
“C” Punch
Double Punch

 

TERMS OF RANK

Kwan Jang Nim
Sa Bum Nim
Kyo Sa Nim
Cho Kyo Nim
Ko Dan Ja
Yu Dan Ja
Sun Bae Nim
Hu Bae
Dan
Gup
Grand Master (7th Dan and above)
Master Instructor (4th to 6th Dan)
Instructor (1st to 3rd Dan Instructor)
Assistant Instructor
Senior Dan Holder (4th Dan and above)
Junior Dan Holder (1st to 3rd Dan)
Senior Member
Junior Member
Black Belt Degree
Color Belt Grade

 

BASIC TERMINOLOGY

Cha Riot
Joombi
Kyung Ye
Bal Pak Ko
Dwi Ro Dora
Si Jak
Barro
Goo Man
Kibon
Kibon Dong Cha
Sohn Gi Sool
Makki
Jiluki
Chilki
Chagi
Poomsae
Il Su Sik
Sam Su Sik
Ho Sin Sool
Kyukpa
Kyorugi
Dojang
Dobok
Ti
Kukki
Myuk Sang
Shoom Sha Gi
Wen
Ohren
Attention
Ready
Bow
Switch Stance
About Face
Begin
Return to Ready
End
Basics
Basic Movements
Hand Techniques
Block
Punch
Strike
Kick
Traditional Choreographed Forms
One-Step Sparring
Three-Step Sparring
Self-Defense Techniques
Breaking Techniques
Sparring
Training Hall
Uniform
Belt
Flag
Meditation
Deep Breathing
Left
Right